Indigenous communities have developed a range of strategies to cope with the impacts of El Niño on their ecosystems.
These strategies include diversifying their livelihoods, using traditional knowledge to predict weather patterns, and adapting their agricultural practices.
Indigenous communities also prioritize the conservation of biodiversity and the protection of sacred sites during times of environmental stress.
However, the impacts of climate change are making it increasingly difficult for indigenous communities to maintain their traditional practices and adapt to changing ecosystems.
Efforts to support indigenous resilience and adaptation must be grounded in respect for their knowledge, culture, and rights.
Effective solutions to El Niño and climate change require collaboration between indigenous populations, scientists, and policymakers.