EL NIÑO AND OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION
El Niño is a climate pattern that occurs in the Pacific Ocean.
It is characterized by warmer than usual sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern Pacific.
This warming is caused by a complex interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere.
During El Niño, the trade winds that usually blow from east to west across the Pacific weaken or even reverse direction.
This allows warm water to move eastward, which can have significant impacts on weather patterns around the world.
El Niño events can cause droughts, floods, and other extreme weather events in different parts of the world.